hibernate 环境快速搭建

 时间长了对hibernate的基础使用有点生疏,于是决定重新温习一下。

本文主要介绍hibernate 环境快速搭建

一.登录hibernate官方,下载hibernate相关jar包。

 

 


将下载的压缩包解压:在该hibernate-release-4.2.20.Final\lib\required 路径下的找到hibernate所需要的jar包,将该目录下所有jar包加入工程。

二.hibernate配置文件。

配置文件可以在快速开始文档的工程里找到 参考路径:hibernate-release-4.2.20.Final\documentation\quickstart\en-US\html\files,在该文件下有一个压缩包,将其解压,可以看到示例工程,随便一个工程都能找到配置文件

下面是basic工程的配置文件

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!--
  ~ Hibernate, Relational Persistence for Idiomatic Java
  ~
  ~ Copyright (c) 2010, Red Hat Inc. or third-party contributors as
  ~ indicated by the @author tags or express copyright attribution
  ~ statements applied by the authors.  All third-party contributions are
  ~ distributed under license by Red Hat Inc.
  ~
  ~ This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use, modify,
  ~ copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU
  ~ Lesser General Public License, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
  ~
  ~ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  ~ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
  ~ or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public License
  ~ for more details.
  ~
  ~ You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
  ~ along with this distribution; if not, write to:
  ~ Free Software Foundation, Inc.
  ~ 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor
  ~ Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
  -->
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
        "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"
        "http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-configuration>

    <session-factory>

        <!-- Database connection settings -->
        <property name="connection.driver_class">org.h2.Driver</property>
        <property name="connection.url">jdbc:h2:mem:db1;DB_CLOSE_DELAY=-1;MVCC=TRUE</property>
        <property name="connection.username">sa</property>
        <property name="connection.password"/>

        <!-- JDBC connection pool (use the built-in) -->
        <property name="connection.pool_size">1</property>

        <!-- SQL dialect -->
        <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.H2Dialect</property>

        <!-- Disable the second-level cache  -->
        <property name="cache.provider_class">org.hibernate.cache.internal.NoCacheProvider</property>

        <!-- Echo all executed SQL to stdout -->
        <property name="show_sql">true</property>

        <!-- Drop and re-create the database schema on startup -->
        <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">create</property>

        <mapping resource="org/hibernate/tutorial/hbm/Event.hbm.xml"/>

    </session-factory>

</hibernate-configuration>

 

找到对应位置,更换自己的数据库就好了。

三.创建测试用例。

Student类:

package com.daxingzsh.po;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.FetchType;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.JoinColumn;
import javax.persistence.ManyToOne;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;

@Entity
@Table(name = "STUDENT")
public class Student {

	private String sId;
	private String sName;
	private String sSex;
	
	private Classes classes;

	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(generator = "system-uuid")
	@GenericGenerator(name = "system-uuid", strategy = "uuid")
	@Column(name = "S_ID")
	public String getsId() {
		return sId;
	}

	public void setsId(String sId) {
		this.sId = sId;
	}

	@Column(name = "S_NAME")
	public String getsName() {
		return sName;
	}

	public void setsName(String sName) {
		this.sName = sName;
	}

	@Column(name = "S_SEX")
	public String getsSex() {
		return sSex;
	}

	public void setsSex(String sSex) {
		this.sSex = sSex;
	}

	@ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.LAZY)
	@JoinColumn(name = "CLASS_ID")
	public Classes getClasses() {
		return classes;
	}

	public void setClasses(Classes classes) {
		this.classes = classes;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Student [sId=" + sId + ", sName=" + sName + ", sSex=" + sSex
				+ ", classes=" + classes + "]";
	}

	
}

Classes类:

package com.daxingzsh.po;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;


@Entity
@Table(name = "CLASSES_TABLE")
public class Classes {

	private String classId;
	private String className;

	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(generator = "system-uuid")
	@GenericGenerator(name = "system-uuid", strategy = "uuid")
	@Column(name = "CLASS_ID")
	public String getClassId() {
		return classId;
	}

	public void setClassId(String classId) {
		this.classId = classId;
	}

	@Column(name = "CLASS_NAME")
	public String getClassName() {
		return className;
	}

	public void setClassName(String className) {
		this.className = className;
	}

}

 

Student与Classes为N-1(多对一)关系。由于在配置文件中配置了

<property name="hbm2ddl.auto">create</property>

属性,这里hibernate将自动创建数据库表(如果已存在表,则会被删除)。

更改hibernate配置文件,添加mapping映射

<mapping class="com.daxingzsh.po.Student"/>
<mapping class="com.daxingzsh.po.Classes"/>

 

四.测试代码:

package com.daxingzsh.test;

import java.util.List;

import junit.framework.TestCase;

import org.hibernate.Criteria;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Restrictions;
import org.junit.Test;

import com.daxingzsh.po.Classes;
import com.daxingzsh.po.Student;

public class MyTest extends TestCase{
	
	private SessionFactory sessionFactory;
	private Session session;
	
	@Override
	protected void setUp() throws Exception {
		System.out.println("init ...");
		sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory();
	}

	@Override
	protected void tearDown() throws Exception {
		if(sessionFactory != null)
			sessionFactory.close();
	}
	
	@Test
	public void testSearch(){
		test();
		session = sessionFactory.openSession();
		session.beginTransaction();
		Criteria cri = session.createCriteria(Student.class);
		cri.createAlias("classes", "c1");
		cri.add(Restrictions.eq("c1.className", "class1"));
		List<Student> list = cri.list();
		for(Student st : list){
			System.out.println(st.toString());
		}
		
//		Criteria cri2 = cri.createCriteria("classes");
//		cri2.add(Restrictions.eq("className", "class1"));
//		List<Student> list1 = cri2.list();
//		for(Student st : list1){
//			System.out.println(st.toString());
//		}
		
		session.getTransaction().commit();
		session.close();
	}

//	@Test
	public void test() {
		System.out.println("start.....");
		session = sessionFactory.openSession();
		session.beginTransaction();
		Student s = new Student();
		s.setsName("daxin"); s.setsSex("男");
		Classes classes = new Classes();
		classes.setClassName("class1");
		s.setClasses(classes);
		session.save(classes);
		session.save(s);
		session.getTransaction().commit();
		session.close();
		System.out.println("end ....");
	}

}

经过测试则表明hibernate已经配置好了。

 特别说明:hibernate的最新版本已经更新到5.0。

 

hibernate 环境快速搭建
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